Republic of Indian Stream

In 1832 the settlers of the area between Indian Stream and Hall’s Stream, claimed by both Canada and the United States, set up the independent republic of Indian Stream. Yielding to New Hampshire in 1836, Indian Stream became part of Pittsburg and in 1842 was recognized by treaty as United States territory.

 Located on the north side of US 3 in Pittsburg at the Town Park.


The kid under the sign is a lot taller now, and starting to declare her own independence.

SOMETIMES THE LINES blur at the edges of society. The 1763 Treaty of Paris concluding the French and Indian War referred to a map created by surveyors and cartographers who didn’t head very far north beyond the comfortable reaches of Concord. This map depicted the Connecticut River continuing due north beyond the 45th parallel. As Great Britain was only drawing boundaries between its own territories, they wasted no time in niggling about actual headwater routes as they determined the border between New Hampshire and Quebec. It was to be along the route of the Connecticut River, with New Hampshire to the south and east of the waterway now called Hall’s Stream. The 1783 Treaty of Paris formalized the independence of the United States and accepted the drawn border.

Later surveyors and settlers traveling to the region discovered that the river’s source is better described as the stream that continues through Lake Francis and the four Connecticut Lakes, more from the northeast (today this stream is indisputably called the Connecticut River). But no one troubled much. The land was little developed between here and Montreal and Quebec City to the north, and the rugged White Mountains effectively cut off the parcel from the south. One day, though, the unavoidable happened. British and American governments realized that the residents of this isolated enclave were not paying taxes. Additionally, the British were ready to press able men into military service.

In the Indian Stream region (so called because Indian Stream, the third possible headwater of the Connecticut, bisected the disputed area), factions expressed divided allegiances between the two nations. In 1832, tiny Indian Stream declared itself an independent republic, complete with a constitution and three branches of government.

Things progressed smoothly until 1835, when an official of the Republic was hired to execute a Canadian warrant on Republic President Luther Parker. Parker was arrested, but a band of supporters freed him and invaded Canada to kidnap an official. With an international incident on their hands, British and American governments finally stepped up to settle the boundary dispute. The westernmost boundary, the one approved in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, was determined to the official border between the United States and Canada, and the citizens of Indian Stream acquiesced, joining the United States.

Marker  # 1





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